The precise nature of a traumatic brain injury can vary based on any of the following factors, according to the Mayo Clinic:
- Damage to brain cells may occur only in the area directly below the point of impact on the skull.
- A severe blow or jolt can result in the brain moving back and forth in the skull, causing multiple points of damage.
- Tearing of cellular structures can occur because of a severe rotational or spinning jolt.
- The brains of patients who have survived an explosion of some kind can sustain widespread damage.
- If an object penetrates the skull, it can cause severe, irreparable damage to brain cells, blood vessels and protective tissues around the brain.
- Bleeding in or around the brain, swelling, and blood clots can disrupt the oxygen supply to the brain and cause wider damage.
A number of different events can also cause traumatic brain injury. Common ones include the following:
- Falls are the most common cause of brain injury overall, particularly in older adults and young children.
- Vehicle-related collisions for drivers, passengers or pedestrians.
- Violence, including gunshot wounds, domestic violence or child abuse. Shaken baby syndrome is traumatic brain injury caused by the violent shaking of an infant.
- Sports injuries. Athletes who participate in soccer, boxing, football, baseball, lacrosse, skateboarding, hockey, and other high-impact or extreme sports are prone to brain injury.
- Explosive blasts and other combat injuries, which are a common cause of traumatic brain injury in active-duty military personnel.
If you or a loved one have suffered a traumatic brain injury, check with Lopez McHugh for a free consultation to see what your legal options are.
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