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Advice for people who had a stroke

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides some advice for people who have suffered a stroke. According to the CDC, post-stroke care may involve emergency care, treatment to prevent another stroke, or some combination of the three.

A stroke may occur when a blood vessel bursts in the brain, which is called a “hemorrhagic stroke.” But about 85 percent of all strokes are “ischemic,” meaning that blood flow to the brain is blocked by an obstruction such as a blood clot.

Risk factors include diabetes, long periods of physical inactivity, high blood pressure and a family history of stroke. Use of birth control pills can increase the risk of the blood clots that trigger ischemic strokes.

While all birth control pills can increase the risk of blood clots, a number of studies show that pills with the synthetic hormone drospirenone can increase that risk up to three times compared to other contraceptives on the market. Pills with drospirenone include Yasmin, Yaz, Beyaz and Ocella.

The CDC gives the following information about the different forms of post-stroke treatment:

Emergency treatment: Doctor may use medications called thrombolytics to break up blood clots for patients admitted to a hospital within three hours of an ischemic stroke.

Preventing another stroke: Patients who have suffered a stroke are at high risk for another one. According to the CDC, at least one in every eight stroke survivors has another stroke within five years.

Doctors may give recommend surgery or medications to treat underlying causes such as heart disease, high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, high cholesterol, or diabetes. Lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise may also be advisable.

Rehabilitation: Patients may require physical therapy to help relearn skills lost because of the stroke. They may also need help relearning how to eat, bathe, or dress themselves. Stroke survivors also sometimes suffer from depression or other mental health conditions, which may be treated with therapy or medication.

Patients should consult their doctors before making any changes in their medication. A consultation with a Beyaz lawyer is also important if there are significant injuries while on Beyaz or similar birth control pills.

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